Sore throat has affected all of us at least once in our life. And each one of us knows how it can encumber our daily lives if we cannot speak, eat, or work, because of the sore throat. What should you do if your daily performance depends on the ability to speak properly.
Two of the most frequent causes of a sore throat are an inflammation of the throat or tonsils.
What should you do?Pharyngitis
— an infectious inflammation in the throat, most often caused by a virus infection, but it can also be caused by a bacterium or fungus. Throat irritation can be caused by cigarette smoke, alcohol, speaking or singing for a long time. It is important to remember that even during oral sex, it is possible to contract a sexually transmitted disease, which can lead to a sore throat. Diabetes and AIDS patients are more prone to develop pharyngitis.
The pharyngitis symptoms depend on whether the illness progresses acutely or chronically. However, the main manifestations are similar, and only the level of severity differs: sore throat, tickling irritation in throat, difficulty swallowing, sometimes higher body temperature, visible red, oedemic throat.
In most cases, pharyngitis is self-limited (goes away by itself), the throat remains sore for 2–3 days. What can you do to make it better?
— inflammation of tonsils (tonsils are a formation of lymphoid tissue on both sides of the throat, responsible for the immune system function against microorganisms). Often, tonsillitis is combined with pharyngitis and is caused by viruses. Main symptoms include sore throat, difficulty swallowing, there might be fever, bad breath, swollen lymph nodes on both sides of neck, white or yellowish dots on tonsils, muscle pain, weakness, sometimes vomiting. Children often complain about stomach pain instead of a sore throat.
It is important to remember that if left untreated, tonsillitis can cause complications. Most common complications include chronic tonsillitis, infection spreading to nose, ears, paranasal sinuses, throat abscess (purulent enclosure), rheumatic fever (if tonsillitis is caused by a streptococcal infection).
What can you do to make it better?
As science develops, new infectious agents are discovered every day. And to make matters more difficult for regular people to understand, each of the tiny microorganisms has its name in Latin.
Infection is a totality of various biological events, when microorganism ends up in a body and starts multiplying. This process can involve various health conditions, sore throat, purulent wounds, diarrhoea, fever.
Over our lifetimes, our body fights various infectious agents: each of us has suffered from what are known as children's infectious diseases, we have at least once scraped an arm or had a small purulent wound, we have managed to eat something bad.
Even though remembering the names of and understanding the complex infectious agents should be left to doctors, it is useful to remember a couple of the most important and most common infectious agents.
Infectious agents can be bacteria, viruses, unicellular organisms, fungus, parasites.Bacteria
— microscopic single cell organisms, which are found around the globe and their variety can be measured in thousands. Best known and most widespread microorganisms are staphylococci and streptococci. It is useful to remember that nobody is sterile — there are a lot of good and useful microorganisms living in our bodies (including those mentioned before). Bacteria that cause an illness are called pathogens. To survive in a foreign organisms, these microorganisms have developed various protective mechanisms, such as a durable external membrane, by forming biofilms (they could be figuratively referred to as houses, where the bacterium can multiply and feed without any hindrances). The biggest problem nowadays is bacterial resistance — microorganisms have found a way to fight antibiotics, and they are no longer effective in treating infections.
However, there is a remedy that can battle bacteria and not cause antibacterial resistance: the antibacterial remedy Furasol prevents the infection, it is effective in fighting the pathogen staphylococcus, which is resistant to other antibiotics. Furasol disinfects and supresses the growth and formation of bacteria, it can help in the treatment of purulent inflammations, burns, infected wounds or inflammations of the oral cavity or throat.Viruses
— they can develop and multiply only in a foreign organism. Most of them do not survive for long outside their host shell and perish. Most common viruses are influenza, parainfluenza, adenovirus, respiratory syncytial virus, rhinovirus.Single-cell organisms or protozoa
— microorganisms that most often end up in a human body by way of drinking polluted (infected) water. They are mostly responsible for infections of the gastrointestinal tract, such as diarrhoea, vomiting, stomach ache. Most dangerous to humans are the single-cell organisms lamblia, dysentery amoeba, plasmodium malariae (not found in Latvia, but you should not forget about prophylactic measures if you travel to tropical countries).Fungi
— a group of organisms that prefer humid and warm environment, such as feet, throat mucosa, genitalia. Most common pathogenic fungi are yeast and mould. Many fungal infections are found in people with debilitated immune system function and after extended periods of taking antibiotics.
If you think you might have an infectious disease, it is best to see your family physician or pharmacist for a consultation to choose the most suitable method of therapy. It is useful to keep Furasol in mind, because it will help reduce the throat inflammation and treat purulent wounds. It can be bought in all pharmacies, it is easy to use, does not irritate damaged and surrounding tissue, is safe to use in children.